An article in IEEE Intelligent Systems on open government data, by Nigel Shadbolt, Kieron OHara, Tim Berners-Lee, Nicholas Gibbins, Hugh Glaser, Wendy Hall and m.c. schraefel, discussing data migration, integration into the Web of Linked Data, provenance, extracting value from the data and lessons learned from the EnAKTing project.
An article by Professor Nigel Shadbolt and Professor Sir Tim Berners-Lee published in The Times, discussing the advantages of open data and the wide array of possible applications.
The Government recently announced the creation of the new Institute for Web Science. It is designed to make the UK the hub of international research into the next generation of web and internet technologies and their commercialisation, and was announced by the Prime Minister alongside plans for a radical opening up of information and data to put more power in peoples hands.
The new £30 million institute for Web Science will lead the way in Web 3.0 It is designed to make the UK the hub of international research into the next generation of web and internet technologies and their commercialisation, and was announced by the Prime Minister alongside plans for a radical opening up of information and data to put more power in peoples hands. The Institute will conduct research, collaborate with businesses, identify opportunities for social and economic benefit, assist in commercialising research and help Government stimulate demand through procurement.
The web was originally a place where people published documents that users could search and pick up. Web 2.0 has enabled users to contribute and create web content more easily. Web 3.0 will take the web to a whole new level by publishing data in a linkable format so that users and developers can see and exploit the relationships between different sets of information.
The development of these technologies will create significant new opportunities for business and the public sector. The impact of these technologies is likely to be as important as the creation of the original web, and could generate large-scale economic benefits for the UK in the global market for web and internet technologies. The role of the Institute will be to undertake research and development, and act as a bridge between research and business, helping commercialise these new technologies. It will also advise Government on how semantic technologies can be used in the public sector, and how public procurement can be used to speed their adoption.
Prime Minister Gordon Brown said that £30 million would be set aside to create the Institute for Web Science. It will be headed by Sir Tim Berners-Lee, the British inventor of the World Wide Web, and leading Web Science expert Professor Nigel Shadbolt.
Speaking in London the Prime Minister said:
We want to build on the outstanding work Sir Tim and Nigel Shadbolt have put in to making public data public. We are determined to go further in breaking down the walled garden of Government, using technology and information to provide greater transparency on the workings of Whitehall and give everyone more say over the services they receive.
This Institute will help place the UK at the cutting edge of research on the Semantic Web and other emerging web and internet technologies and ensure the Government is taking the right funding decisions to position the UK as a world leader. We will invite universities and private sector web developers and companies to join this collaborative project.
The Institute, to be funded through the Department for Business, Innovation and Skills, will strengthen the UKs world-leading capability in the development of semantic web technologies as well as others that enable the extraction of value from information. It will bring together the best minds from around the world to deliver the benefits of advances in web technology to businesses and individuals.
Business Secretary Lord Mandelson said:
British innovation brought the web to the world. This Institute will ensure the UK remains at the forefront and that we anticipate and fully exploit the economic and social benefits of future developments.
Whether it is to allow our research institutions and innovative businesses to maximise and demonstrate the strength and attractiveness of their networks, or to ensure we make the most of clinical information to improve our understanding of disease, a new web revolution is afoot.
Government support for this Institute as well as early adoption of these emerging technologies in the public sector arena will allow the UK to lead the way and help pull this technology through to the market place.
The Institute for Web Science will be jointly based in the Universities of Oxford and Southampton. It is still subject to contract.
Research paper by Kieron OHara, Tim Berners-Lee, Wendy Hall & Nigel Shadbolt
“A New Way of Finding Information: Basic Technologies of the Semantic Web. A vital factor in the way the World Wide Web has revolutionized research has been its radical decentralization: any page can link to any other. This decentralization is scalable and removes bottlenecks in supply. Navigation can be via associational links, maintaining relevance, or key-word search, which allows the user a measure of control that makes a suitably connected computer a virtual, near-universal library.” …
Nigel Shadbolt and Tim Berners-Lee in The Times
“We all recognise the power of information. It guides our behaviour and decisions. It tells us when the trains run and when the roads are jammed, how schools, hospitals and police are performing. We live in an age in which the essential raw material is information; data with a context. It underpins our economy and our society.” ….